Las tasas sociales de retorno a I+D, científicos, ingenieros e inversiones en el sistema de educación terciaria: Evidencia internacional


  • Joilson Dias Universidade Stadual de Moringa
  • María Helena Ambrosio Dias Universidade Stadual de Moringa


Palabras clave:

Inversión, Educación


El objetivo de esta investigación es la estimación de las tasas sociales de retorno de la inversión en educación terciaria y su producto -I&D y científicos e ingenieros- en la economía. En la medición de este impacto social, tomamos en cuenta los problemas de endogeneidad, utilizando variables instrumentales. Los instrumentos utilizados son aquéllos sugeridos por Hall y Jones (1999). Los resultados econométricos muestran que las variables de inversión son endógenas al modelo y que los instrumentos representan efectivamente el capital social de las economías. Las tasas sociales de retorno estimadas para las inversiones en I&D, científicos e ingenieros, y en educación terciaria para 70 países están por encima del retorno privado, lo cual justificaría una orientación de las políticas.


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Biografía del autor/a

Joilson Dias, Universidade Stadual de Moringa

Profesor-Investigador, Departamento de Economía, Universidade Stadual de Moringa, Brazil.

María Helena Ambrosio Dias, Universidade Stadual de Moringa

Profesora-Investigadora, Departamento de Economía, Universidade Stadual de Moringa, Brazil.


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Cómo citar

Dias, J., & Ambrosio Dias, M. H. (2006). Las tasas sociales de retorno a I+D, científicos, ingenieros e inversiones en el sistema de educación terciaria: Evidencia internacional. Revista Latinoamericana De Desarrollo Económico, (7), 9–28.