Ocasos y resurgimientos de los Bancos Nacionales de Desarrollo en Latinoamérica: entendiendo factores que pudieron haber afectado las diversas trayectorias en Argentina y Brasil

  • María Luz Martínez Sola London School of Economics and Political Science
Palabras clave: Finanzas para el desarrollo, Bancos Nacionales de Desarrollo, política económica

Resumen

Los Bancos Nacionales de Desarrollo (BND) pueden representarse como motores que impulsan a las economías emergentes a través de los peldaños de la escalera de desarrollo. Luego de haber sido protagonistas de las estrategias de política industrial luego de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, la mayoría de los BND fueron desmantelados durante los 1980s y 90s. Sin embargo, existen notorias excepciones a esta tendencia. El objetivo de este estudio es entender los asuntos de política económica; capacidad institucional, atributos relativos de poder a nivel internacional, coaliciones de gobierno; que explican cada una de estas trayectorias, tomando los casos de Argentina (BANADE) y Brasil (BNDES). Al analizar las tres dimensiones de política económica, el estudio concluye que la principal diferencia entre las trayectorias del BANADE y el BNDES emerge de las diversas coaliciones de poder conformadas por los gobiernos de Argentina y Brasil. Comprender las condiciones subyacentes para constituir un BND sólido y eficaz es fundamental para delinear qué rol deben cumplir en la política industrial del siglo XXI. 

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Biografía del autor/a

María Luz Martínez Sola, London School of Economics and Political Science

Development Finance Specialist, London School of Economics and Political Science, Godoy Cruz 2861 5 A, Capital Federal, Argentina. 

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Publicado
2016-12-05
Cómo citar
Martínez SolaM. L. (2016). Ocasos y resurgimientos de los Bancos Nacionales de Desarrollo en Latinoamérica: entendiendo factores que pudieron haber afectado las diversas trayectorias en Argentina y Brasil. Revista Latinoamericana De Desarrollo Económico, (27), 101-139. https://doi.org/10.35319/lajed.20162754