Una investigación empírica del Internet y el comercio internacional: El caso de Bolivia

Autores/as

  • Caroline L Freund Banco Mundial
  • Diana Weinhold London School of Economics

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35319/lajed.20042319

Palabras clave:

Internet, comercio internacional, Bolivia

Resumen

Este documento se basa en Freund y Weinhold (2000) para mostrar que los resultados de ese documento se pueden aplicar al caso de Bolivia. Revisamos las implicaciones del modelo de Freund y Weinhold, enfatizando los efectos de Internet en el aumento del comercio y disminuyendo los efectos de los patrones comerciales históricos en la determinación de los flujos comerciales. Específicamente, al utilizar un modelo de comercio de gravedad para 56 países, incluido Bolivia, demostramos que Internet estimula el comercio y que Bolivia tiene la posibilidad de obtener un beneficio económico significativo a partir de una mayor conectividad web. Nuestros resultados implican que un aumento del 10 por ciento en el número relativo de hosts web en Bolivia hubiera dado lugar a un comercio aproximadamente un 1 por ciento mayor en 1998 y 1999. La evidencia es consistente con un modelo en el que internet crea un intercambio global de productos, por lo tanto reducir los costos específicos de mercado de la exportación.

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Biografía del autor/a

Caroline L Freund, Banco Mundial

Banco Mundial, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington D.C. 20433.

Diana Weinhold, London School of Economics

Development Studies Institute, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE.

Citas

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Publicado

2004-04-01

Cómo citar

Freund, C. L., & Weinhold, D. (2004). Una investigación empírica del Internet y el comercio internacional: El caso de Bolivia. Revista Latinoamericana De Desarrollo Económico, (2), 33–55. https://doi.org/10.35319/lajed.20042319